Joint Pain

Please note that the information on this and the following pages is not intended to be medical advice.
For treatment recommendations and if symptoms persist, patients should consult their GP, Consultant, Physiotherapist or Podiatrist.

arthritis in the knee
What is osteoarthritis?
Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disease that causes pain and loss of mobility. It is the most common rheumatic disease and is second only to cardiovascular disease in producing chronic disability.
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Knee Diagramme
What is a synovial joint?
A synovial joint is one in which the ends of the bones are enclosed in a capsule containing a thick, slippery liquid called synovial fluid...
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What is Synovial Fluid?
The synovial fluid in the joint capsule has four important functions: it keeps the bones slightly apart, protecting their cartilage coverings from wear and tear; it absorbs shocks, again protecting the cartilage...
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Osteoarthritic joint left
What happens in osteoarthritis?
The sodium hyaluronate in synovial fluid does not stay there for a whole lifetime, but is continuously broken down and replaced.  In osteoarthritis, however, this breakdown happens faster than production.
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More about Osteoarthritis
There are some external websites with more detailed information about osteoarthritis and other joint problems. Read more>>>


Sodium hyaluronate
What is sodium hyaluronate?
Sodium hyaluronate (also known as hyaluronic acid or hyaluronan) is a natural substance. It is present in the body wherever moisture is stored or lubrication between layers of tissue is required to eliminate friction.
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Benefits of SH Injections
What happens in the synovial joint after an injection with sodium hyaluronate? Intra-articular injections of sodium hyaluronate increase the viscosity of the synovial fluid, restoring its lubricating, shock-absorbing and filtering properties.
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OSTENIL® InjectionsOstenil injections
What is OSTENIL®, and how does it work?
OSTENIL® is a solution containing sodium hyaluronate (or: hyaluronic acid, or hyaluronan). It is a treatment for the symptoms of osteoarthritis, and can be used in the knee, or in any of the other joints in the body that are classified as 'synovial'.
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How can I get any of the OSTENIL® injections?
All OSTENIL® products have to be prescribed and administered by a clinician. This might be your GP, a Consultant, or a qualified Physiotherapist or Podiatrist.  
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Which exercise is best after my joint injection?
You have just had an injection with hyaluronic acid to treat osteoarthritis, but what else can you do? After your injection with OSTENIL® hyaluronic acid (or: sodium hyaluronate) into your knee joint, or other synovial joint, you may want to utilise and prolong the positive effects of the treatment and get your joints moving again.
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What is Arthroscopy?
Arthroscopy close-upArthroscopy is a well established procedure, which for many patients results in a long-lasting fundamental improvement of joint function. Through minimally invasive incisions into the joint cavity the surgical instruments are inserted, as well as a light source, an imaging device, and in-and-out portals for the rinsing fluid.
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What is VISCOSEAL®?
After arthroscopic surgery, VISCOSEAL® acts as a temporary substitute for the lost synovial fluid and is added directly into the joint.
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